xarray: N-D labeled arrays and datasets in Python¶
xarray (formerly xray) is an open source project and Python package that makes working with labelled multi-dimensional arrays simple, efficient, and fun!
Xarray introduces labels in the form of dimensions, coordinates and attributes on top of raw NumPy-like arrays, which allows for a more intuitive, more concise, and less error-prone developer experience. The package includes a large and growing library of domain-agnostic functions for advanced analytics and visualization with these data structures.
Xarray was inspired by and borrows heavily from pandas, the popular data analysis package focused on labelled tabular data. It is particularly tailored to working with netCDF files, which were the source of xarray’s data model, and integrates tightly with dask for parallel computing.
- Data Structures
- Indexing and selecting data
- Interpolating data
- GroupBy: split-apply-combine
- Reshaping and reorganizing data
- Combining data
- Time series data
- Weather and climate data
- Working with pandas
- Reading and writing files
- Parallel computing with Dask
Help & reference
- What’s New
- API reference
- xarray Internals
- Development roadmap
- Contributing to xarray
- Xarray related projects
- Stephan Hoyer and Joe Hamman’s Journal of Open Research Software paper describing the xarray project.
- The UW eScience Institute’s Geohackweek tutorial on xarray for geospatial data scientists.
- Stephan Hoyer’s SciPy2015 talk introducing xarray to a general audience.
- Stephan Hoyer’s 2015 Unidata Users Workshop talk and tutorial (with answers) introducing xarray to users familiar with netCDF.
- Nicolas Fauchereau’s tutorial on xarray for netCDF users.
Get in touch¶
Xarray is a fiscally sponsored project of NumFOCUS, a nonprofit dedicated to supporting the open source scientific computing community. If you like Xarray and want to support our mission, please consider making a donation to support our efforts.
xarray is an evolution of an internal tool developed at The Climate Corporation. It was originally written by Climate Corp researchers Stephan Hoyer, Alex Kleeman and Eugene Brevdo and was released as open source in May 2014. The project was renamed from “xray” in January 2016. Xarray became a fiscally sponsored project of NumFOCUS in August 2018.