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# GRIB Data Example

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# GRIB Data Example#

GRIB format is commonly used to disseminate atmospheric model data. With xarray and the cfgrib engine, GRIB data can easily be analyzed and visualized.

[1]:

import xarray as xr
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt


To read GRIB data, you can use xarray.load_dataset. The only extra code you need is to specify the engine as cfgrib.

[2]:

ds = xr.tutorial.load_dataset("era5-2mt-2019-03-uk.grib", engine="cfgrib")


Letâ€™s create a simple plot of 2-m air temperature in degrees Celsius:

[3]:

ds = ds - 273.15
ds.t2m[0].plot(cmap=plt.cm.coolwarm)

[3]:

<matplotlib.collections.QuadMesh at 0x7fea9ec762f0>


With CartoPy, we can create a more detailed plot, using built-in shapefiles to help provide geographic context:

[4]:

import cartopy.crs as ccrs
import cartopy

fig = plt.figure(figsize=(10, 10))
ax = plt.axes(projection=ccrs.Robinson())
ax.coastlines(resolution="10m")
plot = ds.t2m[0].plot(
cmap=plt.cm.coolwarm, transform=ccrs.PlateCarree(), cbar_kwargs={"shrink": 0.6}
)
plt.title("ERA5 - 2m temperature British Isles March 2019")

[4]:

Text(0.5, 1.0, 'ERA5 - 2m temperature British Isles March 2019')

/home/docs/checkouts/readthedocs.org/user_builds/xray/conda/latest/lib/python3.10/site-packages/cartopy/io/__init__.py:241: DownloadWarning: Downloading: https://naturalearth.s3.amazonaws.com/10m_physical/ne_10m_coastline.zip

[5]:

ds.t2m.sel(longitude=0, latitude=51.5).plot()

[5]:

Text(0.5, 1.0, 'ERA5 - London 2m temperature March 2019')